As recently discussed here¸ a properly drafted commission agreement is essential in New York (and every state) to minimize exposure to a variety of claims, including claims for alleged unpaid commissions and improper wage deductions. In fact, in New York and other states, a written signed commission agreement is required pursuant to state law, absent which adverse inferences can be drawn.

A counter-example to the Swig Equities decision (see discussion linked above), which demonstrated the value of such an agreement, is the recent decision of the New York state trial court in Nichols v. SG Partners, Inc., 2010 NY Slip Op 30174U (N.Y. Sup. Ct. Jan. 25, 2010). Plaintiffs in Nichols were two former executive recruiters who received a base salary plus commissions. Upon termination they sued to collect alleged outstanding commissions for placements they had made. In their Complaint, they described the employer’s practice in calculating commissions to be to “more or less annually tally the placements made by plaintiffs and make additional payments based upon a percentage of the revenues from the placements.” The employer asserted that no such enforceable oral contract existed, or in the alternative was barred by various defenses to contract formation. 

Because no written contract governed the parties’ agreement regarding, inter alia, when a commission was earned, the Court refused to dismiss as a matter of law Plaintiffs’ claims that the employer breached the oral contract governing payment of commissions. Further, the Court did not dismiss the Plaintiffs’ assertion that the company’s commission payment/reconciliation process constituted an unlawful deduction from wages. Relying on precedent, the Court held that the claim under Section 193 was not duplicative of the claim for breach of contract, even though the claim sought recovery of the same commission compensation. This ruling also revived Plaintiffs’ claims under Labor Law § 198.1-a for a 25% penalty on the owed wages and attorneys’ fees.

Failure to enter into a written commission agreement creates enormous potential exposure for all businesses that employ commissioned staff.