Tag Archives: 29 usc 203(m)

Federal Court In Florida Is Latest To Reject DOL Regulation, Finds FLSA Does Not Require That Employees Receiving Full Minimum Wage Retain All Tips

While Department of Labor regulations interpreting the FLSA remain the primary source of employer guidance regarding the Act’s requirements, they are not necessarily the final word on what federal wage law requires. This is so even where they have been subject to “notice and comment,” triggering a higher level of judicial deference.  A federal court … Continue Reading

Federal Court In Georgia Rejects DOL Regulation, Rules FLSA Does Not Require That Employees Receiving Full Minimum Wage Retain All Tips

On July 26, 2016, Judge William S. Duffey of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia issued a decision holding that an employer does not have to ensure tipped employees retain all of their tips if the company is not using the employee’s tips to satisfy part of the minimum wage … Continue Reading

Fifth Circuit Provides Guidance Regarding Occupations Which “Customarily And Regularly” Receive Tips

Attempting to provide clarity to a subject that is a regular source of litigation, the Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit has issued an extended, detailed analysis addressing the circumstances under which an employee’s position is “customarily and regularly” tipped for purposes of participating in a valid tip pool under 29 U.S.C. § 203(m). … Continue Reading

Joining Ninth Circuit, Fourth Circuit Rejects Cause of Action to Recover Gratuities Under FLSA When No Tip Credit Taken

In accordance with the Ninth Circuit and several other federal court rulings, the Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit yesterday held that an employee cannot bring a claim for wages based on allegedly misappropriated gratuities under the FLSA unless the employer used the tip credit set forth in 29 U.S.C. § 203(m). Trejo v. Ryman … Continue Reading

Citing To Precedent, Nevada Federal Court Rejects FLSA Tip Claim Asserted By Workers Receiving Minimum Wage

A Nevada federal court’s decision is consistent with  other recent federal court decisions holding that an employee has no claim for allegedly misappropriated gratuities under § 203(m) of the FLSA if no tip credit is taken and the employee receives the full minimum wage before tips, as the FLSA does not create  a property right … Continue Reading

Following Woody Woo, Federal Court In Utah Rejects Employee Gratuity Claim Since No Tip Credit Taken

Joining several other recent federal court decisions, including a decision invalidating recently promulgated Department of Labor regulations purporting to address the issue, Judge Ted Stewart of the District of Utah has ruled that an employee has no claim for allegedly misappropriated gratuities under the FLSA unless the employer elected to take the tip credit set … Continue Reading

Restaurant Association Defeats Department of Labor, Invalidates 2011 Tip Regulations

In 2010, the Ninth Circuit held in Cumbie v. Woody Woo, Inc., that an employee’s property right to tips attaches under the FLSA only if the employer is taking a tip credit pursuant to 29 U.S.C. § 203(m). In response to this decision the Department of Labor passed widely discussed-regulations which, contrary to the decision, purport … Continue Reading

Federal Court in Indiana Dismisses Claims Alleging Work Outside Of “Tipped Occupation” As Contrary To Law And Inadequately Pleaded

In a case defended by Jackson Lewis Wage Hour Practice Group Chair and former Wage and Hour Administrator Paul DeCamp, Judge Theresa Springmann of the Northern District of Indiana on Tuesday dismissed claims brought by a former server employed by an Indiana-based Applebee’s operator alleging the restaurant was not entitled to avail itself of the … Continue Reading

Florida Federal Court Holds Kitchen Chef Improper Tip Pool Participant

The FLSA regulates tip pool participation by limiting pool participants to employees who are “customarily and regularly tipped” as set forth in DOL guidance and interpreted by the courts. While the role of different positions in the service process (going to the question of whether they are “customarily and regularly” tipped) can be hotly contested, the … Continue Reading

Mississippi Court Rejects Food-For-Overtime-Compensation Theory

As both lawyers and non-lawyers understand, overtime wages customarily are paid in cash, notwithstanding that the definition of “wages” under the FLSA incorporates “board, lodging, or other facilities.” 29 U.S.C. § 203(m). Employers providing non-monetary benefits to employees sometimes argue that such benefits are “facilities” within the meaning of the statute and thus should be credited against … Continue Reading

Colorado Federal Court Upholds Inclusion of Employee Performing Expediting Function In Tip Pool

Employers who maintain a tip pool are likely aware that, depending on the employer’s state of operation and prevailing law, such a tip pool typically can consist only employees who are both “customarily and regularly” tipped and who are not themselves “employers” or those with employer authority. Last year, we discussed a court’s recognition of the … Continue Reading

District Judge Rejects Server’s Effort to Exclude Food Runners From Tip Pool

Tip pool participation under the FLSA, like classification of employees as exempt or non-exempt, turns on the duties of those participating in the tip pool, not their job titles. An example of this analysis is a recent Florida federal court decision rejecting a plaintiff server’s  challenge to the inclusion in the tip pool at a Ruth’s Chris Steak … Continue Reading
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