Tag Archives: preemption

Birmingham Implements Wage Ordinance Effective Immediately, Subject To Possible Overturning at State Level

As discussed in detail on the Jackson Lewis web site, the Birmingham City Council – attempting to push through a wage increase within the municipality ahead of rule-making at the state level designed to preempt such city laws – has passed an ordinance increasing the minimum wage within city limits to $10.10 effective immediately.  Full … Continue Reading

Eleventh Circuit Rejects Airline Deregulation Act Preemption Challenge To Living Wage Ordinance

Courts continue to wrestle with preemption issues, the tension between sweeping federal laws purporting to regulate an industry or industries and laws enacted at the local level, such as labor laws impacting labor costs. In the most recent example, the Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit rejected a cargo airline’s argument that the Airline … Continue Reading

Minimum Wage Increases – Another Challenge For National Employers and Unintended Consequences For the Public

As with the recent uptick in state and municipal paid leave laws, employers in multiple jurisdictions now find themselves faced with a similar national bandwagon in favor of increased state and municipal minimum wage requirements, highlighted by the Los Angeles City Council’s recent decision to ratify a proposal moving that City’s minimum wage to $15 … Continue Reading

Supreme Court Declines Skycaps’ Appeal of Tip Claim Preemption Ruling

Presumably ending the long-running litigation regarding whether certain Massachusetts skycaps’ common law claims challenging the imposition of a $2 curbside baggage handling fee that allegedly caused a reduction in tips are preempted, the U.S. Supreme Court has declined to hear an appeal of the First Circuit’s 2013 decision finding those claims preempted by the Airline … Continue Reading

Massachusetts Supreme Court Permits Common Law Claims for Alleged Unpaid Wages

Rejecting a legal theory widely accepted in many jurisdictions, namely that statutory wage-and-hour laws are intended to preempt claims for alleged unpaid compensation brought pursuant to older, less-specific common law theories, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled last month that an employee whose wage claims may well be time barred under the Massachusetts Wage Act can … Continue Reading

Second Circuit Reaffirms Prior Ruling Regarding Davis Bacon Contract Claims

In 2003, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (which encompasses New York) ruled that workers on projects covered by the federal Davis Bacon Act could not assert contract claims as alleged “third party beneficiaries” of Davis Bacon construction contracts, as permitting such claims would undermine Congress’ intent in electing not to … Continue Reading

California Court Finds State Meal and Rest Period Requirements Preempted by Federal Motor Carrier Regulation

While states generally are free to enact wage and hour laws providing greater protections than contained in the Fair Labor Standards Act, sometimes such laws run afoul of federal statutes governing particular industries. In a recent decision exemplifying this type of preemption, a judge in the United States District Court of the Southern District of California … Continue Reading

Appeals Court Finds Skycaps Claims For Misappropriated Tips Preempted by Federal Law

As we previously discussed, the airline industry, like the hospitality industry, has been assailed with lawsuits alleging that tips from customers intended for certain employees—in this case, baggage handlers, a/k/a skycaps—have been misappropriated by the employer, in violation of state statutes and common law. In the airline industry, conflicting authority has emerged even within the same … Continue Reading

Circuit Court Reiterates That State Wage and Hour Laws Need Not Mirror FLSA

As discussed here, the FLSA contains a provision relating to the compensability of time spent donning and doffing uniforms, when the compensability of such time is addressed in a collective bargaining agreement. 29 U.S.C. § 203(o). However, even where a unionized employer through a collective bargaining agreement is not required to pay for such time, if the … Continue Reading

Federal Court Holds Federal Aviation Law Does Not Preempt Skycaps’ Claims For Gratuities Under Pennsylvania Law

  While a significant percentage of employees’ claims for gratuities emanates from the food service and hospitality industries, other industries, including Aviation, are not immune. Baggage handlers in Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania all have asserted claims challenging industry tip practices, alternatively alleging that the amounts paid by customers for curbside check-in are gratuities (which allegedly … Continue Reading
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