Tag Archives: tip pooling

Utah Federal Court Reiterates That Employees Are Only Entitled to Tips Under FLSA If A Tip Credit Is Applied

While many state laws regulate the distribution of gratuities (as well as service charges and other fees), the overwhelming judicial view, as originally set forth by the Ninth Circuit in Cumbie v. Woody Woo and joined by district courts in other jurisdictions, holds that an employee’s right to tips under the FLSA flows exclusively from … Continue Reading

Maximizing The Use Of The “Chain Of Service” Doctrine To Defend Claims

In cases challenging participation of food service workers other than the quintessential roles with which most diners are familiar (e.g., server/waiter, busboy, etc.) in tip sharing/pooling/splitting arrangements, some courts focus on whether  the position lacked sufficient direct customer interaction to warrant receipt of tips.  See generally Kilgore v. Outback Steakhouse, 160 F.3d 294, 301 (6th … Continue Reading

Nevada Supreme Court Okays Tip Pooling

Providing guidance on some longstanding ambiguity regarding the meaning of Nevada’s statute on tip pooling, Nevada’s highest court ruled that an employer may impose mandatory tip pooling on employees and determine to which employees tips may be distributed. The Wynn casino’s tip pooling policy, which was reviewed by the Court and required pooled tips to be … Continue Reading

New York High Court To Hear Oral Argument In Closely Watched Starbucks Appeal

On May 28, 2013, New York’s highest state court, the New York Court of Appeals, will hear oral argument regarding the scope and application of New York Labor Law 196-d and its tip splitting provisions to Starbucks’ tip pooling practices. The court’s analysis of these issues, which came to the court as certified questions from the … Continue Reading

Texas Court Holds “Service Bartenders” May Be Eligible To Participate In A Mandatory Tip Pool Under FLSA

The FLSA and state law often both regulate the distribution of tips. See here. Under the FLSA, an employer can require all “customarily tipped employees” to pool tips generally or require a specific “customarily tipped employee” to share tips with another “customarily tipped employee.”  Disputes often arise as to whether an employee is a “customarily tipped employee” … Continue Reading

Chicago Federal Court: Silverware Roller May Participate In Tip Pool

As discussed here, Section 3(m) of the FLSA (like many state laws) places restrictions on which employees within a workforce can receive and share in tips. While the FLSA permits tip pooling “among employees who customarily and regularly receive tips," litigation in the hospitality industry often centers around the legality of tip pool participation by restaurant … Continue Reading

New York Hospitality Wage Order Goes Final: New Rules Effective 1/1/11

Yesterday, the New York State Department of Labor issued the final version of the new Hospitality Industry Wage Order, as previously discussed here and here. The final Wage Order, substantially revises various long-standing New York industry rules, including, the tip credit amount, permissibility of tip pooling, and spread of hours calculations. The Final Wage Order includes only … Continue Reading
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